According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), the number of deaths due to heart attacks has been on the rise since 2014. Moreover, a report published in economic times says that “India will have the notorious distinction of recording the highest number of cardiac deaths by 2030 in the world, with virtually every death occurring due to Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)” – alarmed Dr CN Manjunath, a renowned cardiologist.
Young individuals are at a higher risk of dying due to heart attack. For diagnosing your health status, you can visit a pathology lab and keep your heart functioning in check. Amidst the rising concerns about the deaths due to heart disease, we have discussed the types of heart diseases, their causes, and symptoms in this article.
Types of Heart Disease
There are different heart conditions that affect your health. Following are the types of heart disease:
- Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
CAD is the most common heart problem observed among individuals. It blocks your coronary arteries, these are the blood vessels that supply blood to your heart. The artery blockage lowers the blood flow to the heart muscle, refraining the oxygen supply. It develops as atherosclerosis in which the arteries harden. CAD causes chest pain called angina which can lead to heart attacks.
- Heart Arrhythmias
In this condition, your heart starts beating irregularly which can happen naturally. Heart arrhythmias can occur as a result of other heart problems.
- Heart Failure
When your heart fails, it fails to pump the blood efficiently for your proper body functioning. Coronary artery blockage can be one of the causes of heart failure. However, other conditions, such as thyroid disease, high blood pressure, or heart muscle disease can also lead to heart failure.
- Heart Valve Disease
The heart has four valves that contract and expand for the regulation of blood between the four chambers, the lungs, and blood vessels. Any abnormality makes it difficult for the valve to contract and expand properly. In this condition, the blood flow may stop.
Due to the dysfunctioning of the valves, it poses certain risks that include:
Endocarditis is an infection that develops due to a bacterial invasion. During your sickness, surgery, or the using intravenous drugs, the bacterias infuse into the bloodstream and reach your heart.
It is more problematic for the people who already have valve complications. Antibiotics help in curing it and it can be life-threatening if not treated.
- Rheumatic Heart Disease
Rheumatic disease occurs as a result of damage to the heart muscle and the valves. This is further associated with strep throat and scarlet fever. Medical science has its treatment through effective antibiotics.
- Pericardial Disease
The excessive fluid buildup in the sac-like structure (pericardium), surrounding your heart causes pericardial disease.
Any inflammation, virus infection, or injury can be the leading cause of pericardial disease.
Any disease in the myocardium or heart muscle is cardiomyopathy. In this condition, your heart muscles stretch, thicken, or stiff which weakens the heart to pump enough blood. Genetic factors, drugs reaction, or virus infections may be the contributing factors.
- Congenital Heart Disease
During the formation of the heart of the baby in the womb, if there are any complications, it is congenital heart disease. Right after the birth, the baby has to encounter certain heart problems.
Congenital heart disease includes:
- Septal abnormalities are one of the most common congenital heart issues that are holes in the wall separating the left and right sides of the heart.
- Pulmonary stenosis is another abnormality, caused by narrowed valves that limit the blood flow to the lungs. Surgical treatment is done for opening or replacing the valve.
Symptoms of Heart Disease
If you observe any of the following symptoms, go to the pathology lab for an accurate diagnosis by expert professionals:
- Slow pulse rate
- Chest pain
- Coldness in limbs
- Blue-tinged skin
- Breathing difficulty
- Irregular heart rhythm
What Causes Heart Disease?
With changing lifestyle and eating habits, there could be the following factors of heart disease:
Smoking is one of the threatening habits that pose a risk of coronary heart disease. Smoke contains nicotine and carbon monoxide that strains the heart to function faster. Furthermore, it increases the risk of blood clotting.
Cigarettes contain other harmful chemicals that impair the coronary arteries’ lining and lead to furring of the arteries.
- High Blood Pressure
Stress and anxiety lead to hypertension that pressurizes your heart, causing coronary heart disease. High blood pressure damages the arteries and steals their elasticity which prevents the oxygen and blood flow to your heart.
- High Cholesterol
Your body filters the fat from your food intake for utility for the cells. The saturated fat in the food is used by the liver to control the cholesterol level. If the cholesterol level in the blood exceeds, it increases the chances of heart disease.
- Sedentary Lifestyle
Keeping your body active is an essential part to stay healthy. If you stay inactive for a long time, the fatty deposits build up in your arteries, making it function irregularly.
When the path of arteries facilitating the blood to your brain is hindered, it can brain stroke. However, when there is a blockage in the arteries that regulate the blood to your heart, it may lead to heart attacks.
Excessive blood sugar level leads to diabetes which multiplies the risk of heart failure. Diabetes dysfunctions major organs of your body. It can damage the lining of the blood vessels to get thick. The expansion of the vessels impedes the flow of blood and you are likely to get heart disease.
Heart disease has been a major concern which is increasing compared to the past records. Depending on the internal injuries, there are different types of heart disease. Whatever be the cause of heart disease, if you observe the symptoms or unusual behavior in your body’s functioning, get an immediate consultation with the health professionals. For testing the samples, you can visit Lupin diagnostic centre that provides the best possible care and accurate test results faster to proceed with your treatment.