SQL Server Database Corruption – Top Reasons and Resolution

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Microsoft SQL Server is among the most popular relational database management systems, with small and large businesses using it to manage their data professionally. However, even though the database is highly evolved and stable, it is not unusual for corruption to happen. It has to be tackled by administrators on a war footing to avoid compromising business operations. An overview of the most probable causes of the corruption of the SQL Database and what to do to resolve them:

Causes of Corruption of the SQL Database

There are quite a few reasons for the corruption of the database files that form the core of SQL Server. These include the system shutting down abruptly, hardware failure, bugs in the Server software, virus, malware, upgrading to a new SQL version, changes in the SQL account, corruption of file header, etc. According to InfoSecurity Magazine, users cannot access the page due to these instances of page level corruption. Since these issues can crop up anytime, you should always back up your database regularly, so you can restore it without losing valuable data. Some of the most common causes of the corruption of the SQL system are:

Third-Party Driver

It is important to appreciate that because the SQL Server is complex and so are the demand users put on it, even Microsoft cannot guarantee its performance. While Microsoft tries its best to test all the subsystems and drivers for compatibility, the chances of database failure increase if users install third-party drivers on the system. They can interact with the installed programs, and the conflict can cause data corruption. The best way to manage the risk is to install the SQL database on a system where you do not install any third-party drivers. While some people may think it too inconvenient, it saves you from losing valuable time trying to fix instances of data corruption.

Firmware Bug

Another common cause of SQL files getting corruptes is a bug in the firmware. Firmware refers to the programs permanently installed in the system that are closely associates with the operating system. Because it is not unusual for the firmware to have bugs, the optimum way of managing the risk is to keep your system updated as and when the developer makes them available. The first thing to do in case of data corruption in SQL Server is to check for updates and install them before restoring the files from the backup. If you don’t do this, you will likely encounter the same file corruption issue again.

Failure of the Disk Subsystem

The SQL Server database is heavily reliant on the disk subsystems, which makes it vulnerable to failures. Files can become corrupt when the CPU, controller, or memory modules fail. The first symptom of disk subsystem failure often is data corruption. It is the reason why when you encounter data corruption.And want to repair it, you should perform a diagnostic scan of the disk subsystem. According to experts, you should make diagnostics scans a part of your regular maintenance schedule. As it will assist you to detect a problem before it escalates and corrupts valuable data. The recommended course of action is to remove. The files from the system before attempting to carry out repairs.

What to Do To Avoid SQL Database Corruption 

The precautions you can take to avoid SQL database file corruption include not rebooting the server or shutting it down suddenly without following the proper procedure. Additionally, you should not connect, disconnect, and reconnect the database arbitrarily. You should never upgrade SQL Server without backing up the database since it will help you restore it if something goes wrong and files get corrupted.

What to Do To Resolve Corruption in SQL Database 

SQL database files can get corrupted suddenly without any warning. Which is why prudent database management comprises taking backups of the database at regular intervals Livescore24. In case the database gets corruptes, you can restore it from the latest backup, minimizing disruption in business operations. The more frequent the backup, the less data you are likely to lose if the database crashes.

If you do not have a recent backup of hour database files or discover that the backup is also damages. Repairing the MDF and NDF files can prove difficult. You can use the DBCC CHECKDB command to identify and resolve the corruption issues. But as you will discover, you cannot repair badly damaged files. In such a situation, you can try dedicated third-party tools to fix SQL server corruption.


SQL Server database corruption can be nightmarish for database administrators because it can cause severe disruption of business operations. While MS SQL Server no doubt is among the most robust and efficient relational databases, it can crash for various reasons that may not be within your control. The only way to stay out of trouble and resolve issues promptly is to follow prudent database management practices. And ensure data is always backes up.

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