Your throat contains two glands known as tonsils that work as filters to trap germs that could otherwise enter the respiratory tract. Inflammation of tonsil glands is known as tonsillitis.
To fight infection, your tonsils gland produces antibodies. But sometimes when the bacterial load is high, your tonsils can not fight against them, leading to their infection.
Tonsillitis may go on its own. You can soothe it with the help of home remedies. But sometimes your healthcare providers may prescribe antibiotics, especially when it becomes repetitive.
Compared to adults, tonsillitis is common in children. If your child has a complaint of recurrent tonsillitis, the healthcare providers may advise getting tonsil removed surgically.
You must consult with a healthcare provider if your child has a complaint about recurrent tonsils infection. To get an expert opinion, you must consult with the Best Pulmonologist in Lahore.
What Are The Types of Tonsillitis?
Three types of tonsillitis can be described as:
When the symptoms of tonsillitis last up to 3 to 4 weeks and remain until 2 weeks- a condition known as acute tonsillitis.
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Getting tonsillitis, again and again, is known as recurrent tonsillitis. When you get tonsillitis, more than 2 to 3 times a year can be classified as recurrent tonsillitis.
Chronic tonsillitis is the type that lasts for over two weeks.
What Are The Symptoms of Tonsillitis?
The characteristic symptoms of tonsillitis are inflamed and swollen tonsil glands. Sometimes it may be severe enough that makes breathing difficult.
Other symptoms of tonsillitis are:
● Tenderness or pain in the throat
● Redness and swelling in the throat
● White or yellow coating in the throat
● Painful blisters in the throat
● Difficulty swallowing
● Ear pain
● Loss of appetite
● Swollen glands in your jaw or neck
● Bad breath
● Stiff neck
● A scratchy or muffled voice
The symptoms of tonsillitis in children are:
● Stomach ache
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● Upset stomach
● Not wanting to swallow or eat
What Causes Tonsillitis?
Bacteria and viruses cause tonsillitis. The most common cause for it is streptococcus (strep) bacteria that can also cause strep throat.
Other causes for tonsillitis are:
● Influenza virus
● Herpes simplex virus
● Epstein-Barr virus
● Parainfluenza viruses
What Are The Risk Factors For Tonsillitis?
Factors that can increase the risk of tonsillitis are:
Young-aged children are at more risk of developing tonsillitis, compared to adults. It often happens because they remain in a closed environment for a long time in schools.
Tonsillitis spreads through respiratory droplets. Therefore if a child has coughs or sneezes in a classroom, they may end up spreading it to various other kids.
To prevent the spread of tonsillitis, you must keep your child at home if they have got an infection. Otherwise, the chain may keep going and various other kids would get infected.
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Moreover, teachers who remain in a long-term exposure with kids are also at risk of getting tonsillitis.
What Are The Complications of Tonsillitis?
Tonsillitis needs to be treated. If left untreated, it can lead to various complications such as:
● Peritonsillar abscess
● Scarlet fever
● Sinus infection
● Glomerulonephritis- a kidney infection
What Home Remedies Can Help With Tonsillitis?
Home remedies that can help with tonsillitis are:
● Take plenty of rest
● Drink cold and warm fluids to east throat ache keep a humidifier in your room
● Gargle with saltwater
● Suck on lozenges
● Take over counter pain relievers that can help ease throat pain, such as ibuprofen or mefenamic acid.
If tonsillitis keeps coming more and more and interferes with your breathing and eating, your healthcare providers may advise you to get a removal of tonsil glands- a surgery known as tonsillectomy.
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The Bottom Line
Tonsillitis often gets better in some days. However, if it becomes recurrent, you must consult with a healthcare provider. To get an expert opinion, you can visit the Pulmonologist.
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